Artificial Intelligence (AI) and moving care upstream

Beginning in late 2018, the Upstream Lab is investigating the potential of novel AI methods, particularly machine learning and natural language processing to advance proactive “upstream” care. However, we are also critical of these applications and share the concerns of many about the potential to worsen inequities. Several of our ongoing AI initiatives and projects are below.



AI is rapidly emerging as a technology that will impact numerous sectors. Within primary care, the future of AI is where the power, and opportunities may be realized in the broadest and most ambitious scale. It has the potential to improve care, lower costs, and reduce physician burnout. However, in order for this field to advance in a meaningful way, we need to have interdisciplinary teams inclusive of patients, providers, researchers, and system leaders to join in a collaborative effort to create positive impact toward health-related AI initiatives.

The big Data to Enhance and Evolve Primary care (DEEP Network) brings together patients, health providers, system leaders and academics across Canada to help set the direction of AI in primary care, and to catalyze patient-oriented research in this area.

Join us, as we host regular opportunities to share work in progress on AI integration in primary care, spark new ideas and collaborations, and work toward setting priorities for research in this rapidly evolving field.

JOIN OUR GROWING NETWORK!

To sign up, email: deepnetwork@unityhealth.to


The Future is Now: Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Family Medicine

How will AI affect the work of Canada’s family doctors?

MARK YOUR CALENDAR TO JOIN US for this six-part Monthly Webinar Series

December 2020 to May 2021

co-hosted by the Upstream Lab and the CFPC

The webinars include an amazing line-up of family medicine leaders who will enhance your understanding of AI, how it’s being used in family practice, and the potential of AI and other technologies to change how we learn, work and care for our patients.

This one-credit-per hour Group Learning activity has been certified by the CFPC for up to one Mainpro+® credit for each webinar session.


Select readings and resources from our AI Webinar Speakers

Introduction to AI and Applications in Primary Care

Paprica, A., McCradden M. What the public hopes and fears about the use of AI in health care. The Conversation. 2020; Nov 2.

Kueper JK, Terry AL, Zwarenstein M, Lizotte DJ. Artificial Intelligence and Primary Care Research: A Scoping Review. 2020; 18(3):250-258.

Doshi-Velez F, Perlis RH. Evaluating machine learning articles. JAMA. 2019; 322(180): 1777.

Liaw W, Kakadiaris IA. Primary care artificial intelligence: A branch hiding in plain sight. The Annals of Family Medicine. 2020; 18(3): 194-195.

Liu Y, Chen P-HC, Krause J, Peng L. How to read articles that use machine learning: users’ guides to the medical literature. JAMA. 2019; 322(18):1806.

Upshur, R (2019). Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and the potential impacts on the practice of Family Medicine: A briefing document. Toronto, ON, AMS Healthcare.

The Topol Review: Preparing the healthcare workforce to deliver the digital future.

McMaster Health Forum on creating rapid-learning health systems in Canada

The Task Force Report on AI and Emerging Digital Technologies from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (until there are more primary care specific resources).

%d bloggers like this: