In 2018, Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), in collaboration with Pan-Canadian Public Health Network (PHN), Statistics Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), released a report entitled “Key Health Inequalities in Canada”. This report summarizes evidence of inequities across demographic and socioeconomic status for 22 indicators of health outcomes, such as diabetes, obesity, and lung cancer, as well as risk factors that include smoking, alcohol use, and food insecurity, among others.
As part of the effort to address health disparity in Canada and to realize the public health goal of optimal health for all Canadians, PHAC has engaged the Upstream Lab at the MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions to identify and examine the best available evidence on interventions that help reduce health inequities in relation to common risk factors for chronic diseases. To achieve this aim, the Upstream Lab will conduct four systematic reviews on interventions that address the social determinants of health of four behavioural risk factors for chronic diseases: unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco smoking, and problematic alcohol use. These risk factors were selected since they represent the most pronounced health inequalities in Canada and due to their strong association with the highly prevalent non-communicable chronic diseases in Canada, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer.
The specific goals of the systematic reviews are two-fold:
- To synthesize evidence on effective interventions implemented in the community or at the policy level that target the social determinants of unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco smoking, and problematic alcohol use.
- To develop a publicly available repository of promising social interventions that help reduce inequity in chronic conditions.
Findings from this study will be used to inform PHAC’s future program planning around health inequity reduction. A database of promising social interventions will also be developed to help policy makers and community members identify potential interventions that can be implemented in their programs.
We invite knowledge users, people with lived experience, and representatives from advocacy or partner organizations to participate in the advisory committee.
To help ensure that the synthesized knowledge addresses the needs of relevant stakeholders, an advisory committee will be convened to advise on all aspects of the research process. This process will also assist in interpreting the review outcomes in a manner that aligns with current societal contexts and in improving the uptake of project deliverables.
- Commitment: The committee will meet virtually about once every two months for the duration of the project (expected to be 1.5-2 years). Members will also be asked to review some materials prior to the meeting.
- Honoraria: Committee members will be provided with a modest honorarium for their contribution.
- Contact: If you are interested, please contact Amy Craig-Neil (Amy.Craig-Neil@unityhealth.to)